Bullying Types

There are five different types/kinds of bullying behaviour. They are:

1. Physical bullying:

Involving  physical actions such as punching, scratching, hitting, poking, tripping, pushing (...etc...), are used to hurt or threaten.  

Repeatedly and intentionally damaging someone's belongings is also classed as physical bullying.

Physical bullying involving striking/hitting (the person) is “assault”.  Physical Bullying involving someone’s belongings is “malicious damage” (to property).

2. Verbal bullying:

Involves the use of negative words, like name calling, insults, homophobic or racist slurs, or words used to intentionally upset someone.

Verbal Bullying is  “slander” (telling lies about someone - saying they are what they are not - such as “so and so is a child molester...” ) or “deformation of character” (lying or making up stories about someone’s character - usually through print media).  There is no such thing as “verbal assault”

3. Social bullying:

When lies, the spreading of rumours or nasty pranks are used.  Social bullying usually involves groups, with the bully threatening to exclude someone from the group, or spreading rumours around a group.  This includes repeated mimicking and deliberate exclusion from a group or activity or group activity.

4. Psychological bullying:

Involves the repeated  use of words or actions with the intent to cause psychological harm. Examples include intimidation (such as continually calling a person “stupid” - computer people are often tormented as “geeks”) ,  manipulation (such as twisting something which was said to distort its meaning) and stalking (following someone and leaving signs to let them know they are being followed or watched - with the intent of intimidating their victim.

5. Cyber bullying:

Faceless and often nameless and very difficult to trace.  This is when technology is used to verbally, socially or psychologically bully. It can occur in chat rooms, on social networking sites, through emails or on mobile phones and even anonymous web pages and on line polling. 

Bullying is not:
  • mutual arguments and disagreements
  • single episodes of social rejection or dislike
  • single-episode acts of nastiness or spite
  • random acts of aggression or intimidation.
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